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DO YOU KNOW?? WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A JUNCTION, TERMINUS & CENTRAL Railway?

Last Updated On : 25 Sep 2017

That is approximately 22 Million passengers a day. In order to make the rail travel comfortable, 7216 stations are built in different parts of the country. There is a difference in the names of stations, like some are named Junction, some as Terminus and some are named Central. So, have you ever wondered what is the difference between a Junction, Terminus, Central and a Railway Station?  

Railway stations are mainly differentiated into 4 types.

1. Terminus

A station is known as a Terminus/Terminal when the trains can enter and leave the station in only one direction. In other words, the track ends in the other direction. A train has to leave in the same direction as it entered. Some examples of Terminus are:

1. Anand Vihar Terminal(ANVT) 
2. Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST)
3. Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT)

2. Central

A Central is a busiest and most important station in a city, which has multiple stations. It deals with a large number of arrivals and departures. These may be the oldest stations, so they are named as central. It is not necessary to have a Central if a city has multiple stations. There are 5 Central stations in India:

1. Mumbai Central (BCT)
2. Chennai Central (MAS)
3. Trivandrum Central (TVC)
4 .Mangalore Central (MAQ)
5. Kanpur Central (CNB)

3. Junction

If there are at least 3 different routes coming in and going out of a station, then it is called a Junction. In simpler words, trains entering the station should have at least 2 different routes to leave the station.

1. Mathura Junction (7 routes)
2. Salem Junction (6 routes)
3. Vijayawada Junction (5 routes)
4 .Bareilly Junction (5 routes)

4. Station

A station is simply a place where a train stops for passengers/goods to enter and leave the train.
 
Note: Chennai Central can also be called as Terminus but as it is one of the oldest stations in India, it is being continued as Central. Same applies to other stations also.

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